This historic city, there is no definite information about the establishment of the first. The famous Arab historian, Abul Faraç "according to a Sanliurfa, Noah's Flood" was the first of seven residential center of the earth after the first and most important. Hz. Adam (AS) "of his farming, Hz. ****** Prophet Ibrahim. Eyüp, Hz. Şuayp, Hz. Such as the prophets lived in this region today Elyasa "City of Prophets," he remembered. Even the Christians, the Prophet. Jesus is "the handkerchief of Sanliurfa" which have made here due to the Dir-Christ gave the name. Sanliurfa "is the centuries-long standing, supposed that the work under one umbrella spiritual.
Districts of the province of Urfa; Akcakale, Birecik, Bozova, Ceylanpinar, Halfeti, Harran, Hilvan, Siverek (our rate), and the Vira Suruc city.
Road: Sanliurfa in the southeast and the Arab countries in transition to take place in the country, and road transport plays an important role because it is the center of the GAP.
The village of Harran, as well as the artefacts discovered in the excavations in the region to other parts of the tumuli and ancient settlement uncovered as a result of studies with other cultural assets are exhibited in chronological order. At the entrance, the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Hittite reserved for the works of various periods.
Sanli Urfa, 44 km south-east. Each year, thousands of local and foreign tourists visited by the historic city of Harran, Harran Plain is situated in its own name mentioned.
This is the last place where the Torah söylenilir Haran. Islamic historians, the city's founding mothers in law or grandsons of the Prophet Noah, Prophet Abraham's brother Aran'a (Haran) tie. 13th-century historian Ibn Şeddad, Hz. Abraham writes sitting in this city before going to Palestine. For this reason, the Prophet Harran. Also referred to as Abraham's city, Harran, the Prophet Abraham's house, bearing the name of a mosque, he says that there is sitting on a stone leans.
The most accurate information on the history of Harran is based on the findings from archaeological excavations. The first time in the name of Harran, in the BC Kültepe and Mari II. thousands of cuneiform tablets belonging to the beginning, "Har-ra-na" or "Ha-ra-na" come across as. If the Ebla tablets from Harran in northern Syria, "Ha-ra-na" as mentioned. BC II. Get in the middle of the Hittite tablets, an agreement between Hitit'lerle Mitanni'ler Harran moon god (Sin) and witnesses of the God of the Sun is held is stated.
Harran, came to Northern Mesopotamia at the crossroads of important trade routes connecting the western and north-west, there. This is due to the nature of Harran, in the Assyrian merchants in Anatolia and the tight trade relations were important stopping points. Anatolia, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Mesopotamia thousands of years the trade has been based on the Harran. This can also cause the accumulation of wealth, and has been a deep-rooted culture.
Harran, Moon, Sun and planets are regarded as holy and idolatry of ancient Mesopotamia (Sabiizm) is an important aspect of the center was known. This is why a very advanced knowledge of astronomy in Harran.
In Urfa, to become one of the most important centers of Christianity, the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Hittite ages since Sabiizm from Harran, while the presence of MS 11. succeeded in surviving as a century ago. One of the three major schools of philosophy in the world "school of Harran" roll.
Today Deysan Cüllab and rivers is dry, the Harran plain in the middle of a lack of water and the green to standing with the history of 5000 years. Typical houses, mound, fort, city walls and various architectural remains, with the stars shining in the sky at night, draw the attention of tourists. Ataturk Dam and the Harran Plain in Urfa tunnels through which flowed the Euphrates River, Harran in history will provide the green and fertile days.
Sanliurfa known as the historic village 88 km away from the Özkent harabelerdir. Is spread over a large area of the ruins, surrounded by walls and is understood to have been built in Roman times. He said among the people believed that the Prophet lived in this city. The Authority has visited a cave where the Prophet.
73 km away from the city today is named after the village of Sanliurfa in light rain. MS1 and 2nd centuries has been inhabited by the Syrians. Based on culture and the chief god Sin in Harran Root Sabiizm Marilaha'nın Sogmatar cultural center of the ruins, known as the head god and the planets, open-air temple of worship, and sacrificed one of the most important remnants. Assyrian reliefs on the walls of the temple articles, and planets, depicting people were processed. In addition to the west of the castle on the hill of rock reliefs depicting the gods and the writings were in Syriac.
Cori Nevali known as the ancient settlement, the village of Kantara in the borders of the town of Sanliurfa province Hilvan and his right-hand side of the river is a tributary of the Euphrates River is located next to Katara.
Connected to the center of Sanliurfa Kazane (Uğurcuk) and residential area, BC, 5000-3000 is based on. Studies during the architectural findings, houses, streets, and these artifacts were found. This water reservoir was built in a residential area at the top of the mound. Also has an alphabet into Sümerce'yi Akadça'ya.
(Aynzeliha And Lakes Halil-ur Rahman) in the south west of Urfa city center known as the place of the fallen and the Prophet Abraham was thrown in a fire, these two lakes, Urfa with holy fishes and the most visited places of historical artifacts around them.
Prophet Abraham, the people of the era, and worshiped by the cruel ruler Nimrod beliefs to fight, began to advocate the idea of a single god, the hill where the castle is today thrown into the fire by Nimrod. Meanwhile, by Allah, the fire ", and salvation be cool to Abraham" is ordered. On this order, the fish turns into fire wood into the water. Hz. Abraham as a rose garden, right into the falls. Hz. Ibrahim Halil-ur Rahman fell in the lake. According to tradition, Nimrod's daughter Zeliha believed in Abraham fire after he assigns her. Zeliha Lake Aynzeliha in the area when they occurred. Eaten by the fish pond considered holy by both the public and protected.
Faith is the important centers of tourism in Urfa Grand Mosque, Sultan Hasan Mosque, Halil-ur Rahman Mosque, Place of birth cave and Mevlid-i Halil Mosque of the Prophet Abraham, Prophet Eyüp Well Authority and mosques can be seen. Church of Jesus Christ, the Church of Jacob Der important churches in Urfa.
Ulu Mosque (Center): The most ancient of the mosques in the center of Urfa. Anno Domini was an old synagogue 435-436'da killed by the Bishop Rabula St. Stephon converted into a church. Red-colored pillars because it is too "red church" instead of the structure, also called, was built in 1170-1175 by Nurettin Zengi years.
Is a group of mosques in Anatolia, many-legged, three rows of piers parallel to the qibla wall covered with diagonal vaults, flat rectangular. Ranks and opening to a fourteen pointed arched courtyard is covered with diagonal vaults standing on the final assembly hall, Şanlıurfa Ulu Mosque was used for the first time in Anatolia. The octagonal bell tower of the building is used as a minaret nowadays.
Hz. Abraham's birth cave and Mevlid-i Halil Mosque (Center): Prophet. Abraham, was born in a cave located at the south courtyard of the new Muslim-i Halil Mosque. According to tradition, Nimrod the ruler of the era, has a dream. In the morning tells the dream to his astrologers. The astrologers, "a child born this year would end your reign" vote on the Nimrod, the people born that year, releasing orders to kill all the male children.
Lady of the palace secretly in this cave putçusu Azer'in Hz. Abraham brings to the world. Hz. Abraham lived in this cave until he was 7. Hz. The water found in the cave of Abraham, is believed to be curative, and a cure numerous diseases.
Fish Lake (Halil-ur Rahman and Ayn-i Zeliha Lake, Center): is the city center, in the fish, around the century-old sycamore and willow trees, of course, the appearance of an aquarium. Lakes, Ayn-i Zeliha and Halil-ur Rahman, the two-fold. Hz. Abraham, Nimrod the ruler of the era, and beliefs of the people worship a single god, the idea that to fight and defend them to begin breaking the Shred Cracked Şanlıurfa Castle today thrown into the fire by Nimrod. In the meantime, by God, "O fire, cool and salvation to Abraham Become a" fire on the order of the water, the fish turns into firewood. Hz. Abraham fell down, "Khalil-ur Rahman Lake" is called. The adopted son of Nemrut Zeliha, Hz. Falls in love with the Prophet Abraham. Hz. Prophet Abraham pleads for the paternity Nemrut. Hz. Zeliha Abraham saw itself in a fire in a fire will fall. Ayn-i Zeliha Lake is where Zeliha falled.
Hz. Prophet Eyüp and the Authority (Central): The Prophet. Eyyüp prophet, BC Damascus, Syria, and Ramla in 2100, called the upper land of the country came into the world, is narrated in the village of Desniye. Prophet Eyüp held leprosy disease, continued to suffer in a cave with his wife named Rahima worship and pray to God never gives up. Despite all of his sufferings, God will not rebel. In the end, wins the test of Prophet Eyüp, with the curative water stated by God heals, his wife and children granted goods and live for a long time. Hz at the center of Sanliurfa. Eyüp had suffered in the cave of the prophet, Prophet Eyüp are open to the Authority.
Old Ömeriye Mosque (Center): The mosque is located in the center of Sanliurfa, the existing inscriptions of the period of restoration, the exact construction date is unknown. People on behalf of the mosque. Omar is said to have been built by. According to the inscription of the last community in the east wall of the mosque was repaired in 1301 by Muhammed Ağa. Ömeriye date this inscription shows that one of the oldest mosques in the mosque of Urfa.
Halil-ur Rahman Mosque (Mosque-Makam Mosque-Center Floor) at the southwestern corner of Lake Halil-ur Rahman mosque, a cemetery, and Hz. Abraham was thrown in a fire that occurred fell authority is in a complex of buildings. Mosque, Anno Domini 504 (Byzantine period) by the financial assistance Urbisyus'un monofistler XIII on a church built for him. century, was built during the reign of Eyyübiler. Adjacent to the southeastern corner of the square ashlar minaret of the mosque in the west side inscription, Eyyubiler Muzafferiddin Ashraf Malik was constructed in 1211 by order of Moses.
Rizvaniye Mosque (Zulumiye Mosque, Center): The mosque in the northern side of Lake Halil-ur Rahman, the Byzantine St. Instead of St. Thomas Church was built in 1716 by Ahmet Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Rakka Rizvan.
Hz. Eyüp, Hz. Elyasa and Rahima Hatun Mausoleums (Eyyüp Nebi Village-Viransehir): Hz. Eyyüp the Prophet's grave, 12 kilometers away from the town of Viransehir Eyyüp is rumored to be in the village of Nebi. Hz. After taking a 7-year ordeal to him by Allah Eyyüp owned nail washed with water saved from healing. Then Eyyüp Nebi Village with his wife Rahima Hatun lives. Mausoleums of the both located in this village.
Eyyüp walked for 3 months to see, and who died before seeing the Prophet even though he was so close. Elyasa'nın located in this village in the same grave. According to the rumors, when IV. Eyüp Murat Baghdad at a time when the break in the village of Nebi stays for one night. One of the dreams of him that "the place is the seat of the Prophet Eyüp. In the morning when the horse hits the ground kişneyerek leg three times a mosque and a mausoleum. "He says.
Again, according to another rumor told by the locals, especially Eyyüp put back on the holy Prophet, a rock mass located inside this village. Hz. Eyyüp before coming to visit the Prophet. Elyasa'yı (Prophet Eyüp, "the Prophet before the coming to visit me. Elyasa'nın would visit the shrine," he said.) After the Prophet. Eyüp in his tomb, and then put back on Rahime and most recently have been visiting the holy stone.
He said the city (Harran): 45 kilometers away from Harran, a preent belong to the Roman ruins. Hundreds of buildings were built of cut stone on the grave of rock. Some of these structures could survive to the wall and the foundation remains. He said among the ruins of the city in a cave, known as the Prophet Şuayb.
Ulu Mosque (Harran): The Ulu Mosque is located at the northeast side of the Harran Tumulus, the ruler of the Umayyad II in 744-750. Built by Marwan. Famous theological school, bathhouse, a hospital and it is estimated that in the complex. Anatolia is the oldest and largest mosque in the mosque, which is important in terms of architectural fragments from the Seljuk period, restored and repaired, the stone is extremely beautiful examples of decorative arts.
Der-Yakup Church (The Throne of Nemrut-Central): Droplet ridge west of Urfa Castle, which was established after the birth of the religion of Christianity, built the first churches of this structure is known. Anno Domini It is estimated that in 38 established by the Christian Assyrians. Here in the throne of Nimrod, as well as those who are in the tomb of Nemrut. Among the people known as the Apgar Mountain. D'Deyro here Syrians Nalşotho (Monastery of the Spirits), they said.
Deir-i-Christ (the Church of Christ-Central): This church Tılfındır Quarter. MS is the first churches in the history of Christianity In 38 were made by the Syrians. Evliya Celebi Hz. Jesus had come to Urfa and visited this church, so here Deir-i-Christ (Christ Church) writes that it was said.
Harran (Harran): The Religion of the oldest nations and languages and is considered one of the Hebrews, the first and apply the concept of a religion that believes in one God. Described in the Holy Books, Jewish tribe of Semitic origin, according to the Torah of Jehovah's İbranilerini manages the Prophet Abraham, "Take Kabileni and his father's house (now the city of Ur, Urfa), travel to the country that will show you. There you will do your tribe a great nation. "God. Again, the Torah, "Abram when he left Harran, was 75 years old" is called. Hz. Abraham's house in the middle of the city's northern outskirts of the mound of ruins where the claim is in scientific circles.
Stream, river Deysan Karakoyun name in history. Born in the west of Urfa, the city from within the creek through the combined river in Harran plain, today dried Cüllap condition. Karakoyun starting from west to east on the stream; Hızmalı Bridge, National Bridge, Jünstinyen Aqueduct, Samsat Bridge (Old Bridge), Haci Kamil bridge, Beg Gate Bridge (Kisas Bridge) and the Iron Bridge is located.
Bridge and the Bridge are among the nation Samsat. Jünstinyen is estimated to have been built by the Byzantine emperor in 525.
The southwestern part of the city, Halil-ur Rahman and Ayn-i Zeliha Mountain Lakes south on the droplet. East, west and south side of the deep defense moat engraved in rocks and surrounded by steep rocks to the north side.
Ulu Mosque, which is adjacent to the east of the fountain in 1781 contained on the south wall of Ayyub Madrasa was built by Firuz Bey. Medrese was present only inscription dated 1191. Single-iwan madrasa in the same places today, Eyyübiler Nakibzade on Transfer of Haci Ibrahim Efendi built by 1781 on the madrasa.
Urfa bath is located 8 of Ottoman period. These Cıncıklı (), Queen's, Saban, Velibey, old Arasan Baths Sparrow and the Sultan.
The best examples of the inn, a large number of Ottoman period in Urfa Customs Khan, Haji Kamil Khan, Mençek Han, Han Artillery, Bican Aga Khan, National and Barutçu Han Han.
Şanlıurfa's old trade of the Ottoman-era commercial buildings and bazaars in the center shows that the density around the Han customs. Kazaz Bazaar (bazaar), Sipahi Bazaar, upholsterer Market, Pamukcu Market, Oturakçı Market, Kınacı Market, Bicakci Market Gain Market, Market Najjar, İsotçu Marketplace, Blacksmith Market, Çulcu Market, Çadırcı Market, Market Sarac, Attar Bazaar, Tinker Market , Furrier Market, Eskici Market, Keçecı Market, Kokacı (Kovac) Market, Butcher's Market, the Paint Market, Bazaar Kavafhane, Hanönü Bazaar, Bazaars Hüseyniye Han customs and is now in the vicinity of historic properties that protect the important shopping places.
Endangered in the world, and Sanliurfa in Turkey only in Birecik ibises living animal species, the most interesting region. Gerdanları hairless head and is descendant of İbidae was named the ibises. Morocco and Algeria and living in another Birecik ibises and February in the middle of winter they migrate to Ethiopia and Madagascar start to Birecik Cracked revenues. Sets up the rocky slopes, nests, egg-laying period, then return in mid-July. Bald Ibis Birecik Festival is held each year.
Urfa houses generally harem (people call harem) and "room" to be part of the so-called selamlık consist of two parts. Sometimes these two sections, separated by a wall between them and the appearance of the street by their house as two self-contained with separate doors, and often the only door entered a second door section selamlık show plans passed in the harem section.
Black Square district. This house is adjacent to the south of post office, is part of the harem selamlık collects on many aspects of traditional Urfa houses. This historic home built in 1888, the Ministry of Culture restored and turned into the State Fine Arts Gallery.
The poet who lived between 1796-1876, this house was built by Sir Sakip Garden is located in Aleppo. Nedim Efendi Mansion it is spread over a large area such as the harem, and as a greeting. Sanli Urfa municipality in 1985 and repaired it.
(Province Guest): Sanli Urfa Center, Vali Fuat Caddesi (Büyükyol) Balikligol close to the west of the mosque is part of the Ayyubid Selahattin. This historic mansion 19 was built in the second half of the century (1890 years). There are sections of the harem and men's greeting. Urfa stone used in the mansion known as a construction material.
Karacadag Sanliurfa 'represents the highest point. Is located in the southern half of the plains. Sanli Urfa, around the many caves, cisterns; polye; are doline. (Bloody Cave; Dede's Cistern, etc.).
Suruc from west to east; Harran; Viransehir-Ceylanpinar; Halfeti; Hilvan Bozova Plains and plains of the most important, Karacadag; Tektek; Takırtukur; Anhydrous; Germuş; Nimrod; Network; Arat, the most important mountains in the mountains, the river Euphrates; Culap Water; Habur River, the most major rivers and the Ataturk Dam Lake, Lake Halil-ur Rahman; Aynzeliha lakes, Lake of the most important.
Sanliurfa has the features of climate, continental climate. Summers are very hot and dry, winters are relatively mild and rainy pass.
Şanlıurfa's history goes back to the Paleolithic era, been determined. Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age belongs to the Neolithic era in the excavations many valuable artifacts were uncovered.
Regional, Aramaic, Part, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Seljuk, Selahattin Ayyubid, Mongol, Mamluk and Ottoman rule remained.
Buttermilk soup with a rich food culture in Sanliurfa, çagala vaccine, vaccine pakla, Hitti Suppression, garlic vaccine, isot urns, plum pan, semsek, unique (lettuce), Stuffed, mimbar, ACIR Suppression, masluka, lebeni, borani, rice with a veil , fleshy meat (raw meat), has unique Kebab, kebab kemeli, teak, Kebab, Kebab tray, frenkli (tomato), kebabs, tzatziki kemeli, bostana, unripe green salad, ply, excessive vaccine, paliza, bitch, rough, kuymak, zingil, paliza are among the traditional regional dishes.